All About Your Forklift Inspection Checklist
Does your forklift get inspected on a daily basis? It should. According to OSHA, all forklifts should be part of a regular maintenance program. Forklift inspection checklists are a critical part of not just maintenance, but for worker safety as well. Without proper documentation of a forklift’s condition and maintenance, accidents are much more likely to happen. Forklift inspection checklists are vitally important for your company – including your most important assets, your employees! ForkliftCertification.com (FLC), the leader in online, OSHA-approved forklift certification and training, knows the importance of OSHA forklift inspection requirements and daily forklift inspection checklists. In this article, you’ll learn about OSHA guidelines regarding forklift daily inspection checklists, how long to keep your daily forklift inspection checklists, how to fill out forklift inspection checklist forms, and much more.
A CLOSER LOOK AT OSHA FORKLIFT INSPECTION REQUIREMENTSAccording to OSHA guideline 29 CFR 1910.178 (q) (7), all forklifts should be examined at least once a day before use. This applies to a wide range of industrial settings, including:
- Distribution centers
- Construction sites
- Fork condition
- Safety devices like finger guards, decals, etc.
- Visible fluid leaks
- Operator compartment
- Tire and wheel condition
- Battery restraints
- Cables and connectors
THE NEED FOR FORKLIFT DAILY CHECKLISTSForklift daily inspection sheets are must-have for businesses that require workers to use forklifts. These sheets allow workers to perform a full review of a forklift and track their results over time. A forklift daily inspection sheet is vital for forklift operators and their employers. The sheet makes it easy for a forklift operator to track issues identified during an equipment review. Meanwhile, the sheet allows a business to monitor forklift issues and address them before they escalate.
FORKLIFT INSPECTION CHECKLIST – EXAMPLETo help you and your employees better visualize what’s involved with OSHA forklift inspection requirements, we created the following infographic, followed by support text, to outline the specifics of a typical forklift daily checklist.
FORKLIFT DAILY INSPECTION CHECKLIST — VISUAL PRE-CHECKThe first step in a proper forklift inspection involves a cut-no-corners approach to how the forklift appears. If it doesn’t pass the eyeball test, address any issues immediately.
✓ ObstructionsEnsure the floor is clear of debris, overhead impediments are removed and nearby objects are removed from the operating area.
✓ Mechanical InspectionCheck the engine oil level and also look for any cracked or loose hoses.
✓ Safety ItemsEarly warning systems like the horn, alarms, fire extinguisher and lights should be fully operational.
✓ HarnessesEnsure the seatbelt or other restraint mechanisms are intact.
FORKLIFT DAILY INSPECTION CHECKLIST — OPERATIONAL PRE-CHECKOnce the visual pre-check is complete, your forklift should pass the following operational pre-use inspection:
✓ BrakesTest the parking brake, regular brakes, and other stopping systems.
✓ Cargo HandlingThe forks, lift mechanism, tilt function, and related functions should perform error-free
✓ Cockpit ControlsIf any steering or control panel issues are present, do not operate the forklift.
✓ Audio CheckListen for any unexpected sounds during the operational pre-check. Common systems to listen for include the transmission, leaky hoses (hissing sounds) and other “weird” noises.
✓ Lights and AlarmsEven if your visual pre-check found no problems with lights and alarms, it is recommended to test the same functions during a test drive.
DAILY FORKLIFT INSPECTION CHECKLIST – INSPECTION POINTSNow that you have a better understanding of OSHA forklift inspection requirements, it’s time for an interactive experience – simply click on the different parts of the forklift below to learn more about each inspection point on your daily forklift inspection checklist.
IMPORTANCE OF FORKLIFT DAILY INSPECTION CHECKLISTSAccording to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)’s recent study, more than 1,000 workers died in forklift-related incidents. Of these fatalities, the most common were:
- 22%: Forklift Overturns
- 20%: Workers on foot struck by a forklift
- 9%: Fall from a forklift