OSHA Forklift Training
We’ve taken the guess work out of understanding OSHA requirements.
The OSHA website is filled with millions of pages of Do’s and Don’ts for just about everything. They have many rules when it comes to OSHA forklift certification.
Here are the Top 5 things OSHA says you have to Do to train and certify anyone who operates a powered industrial truck at work.
BONUS! Read below for a special bonus secret that 3rd party trainers don’t want you to know!
OSHA Forklift Certification Requirements
As a result of the number of preventable forklift-related accidents in the workplace, OSHA has created a number of OSHA training requirements for forklifts.
1. Operator Training
It is the employer’s responsibility to make sure that each forklift operator understands how to drive a forklift safely, which is demonstrated through training and OSHA-approved testing.
Before a worker is allowed to operate a forklift, except during training, the employer should make sure that they have completed the proper training.
2. Performance Requirements
Employers are able to create their own OSHA forklift certification program based on the unique qualities of their workplace and the types of forklifts used.
3. Forklift Training Program Implementation
Trainees may operate a powered industrial truck only:
Under direct supervision of a person who has the knowledge, training, and experience to train operators and evaluate their understanding only in an environment that does not put others in danger.
Training shall consist of a combination of: Formal instruction (e.g., lecture, discussion, interactive computer learning, written material), Practical training (demonstrations and exercises performed by the trainee) and an Evaluation of the operator’s performance in the workplace
4. Forklift Training Program Content
Operators shall receive initial training in the following topics, with the exception to the topics that a forklift employer can prove are not relevant to their workplace:
- Operating instructions, warnings and precautions
- Differences from automobile
- Controls and instrumentation
- Engine or motor operation
- Steering and maneuvering
- Fork and attachment adaptation, operation, use
- Vehicle capacity and stability
- Vehicle inspection and maintenance that the operator will be required to perform
- Refueling/Charging/ Recharging batteries
- Operating limitations
- Other instructions, etc
- Surface conditions
- Composition and stability of loads
- Load manipulation, stacking, unstacking
- Pedestrian traffic
- Narrow aisles and restricted areas
- Operating in hazardous (classified) locations
- Operating on ramps and sloped surfaces
- Potentially hazardous environmental conditions
- Operating in closed environments or other areas where poor ventilation or maintenance
- could cause carbon monoxide or diesel exhaust build-up
Initial forklift training must include the OSHA forklift certification requirements.
5. Refresher Forklift Training and Evaluation
Refresher training, including an evaluation of the quality of that training, is required to ensure that the employee is able to operate forklifts safely.
Refresher training is required during:
- Unsafe operation
- Accident or near-miss occurs
- An evaluation of the operator’s skills indicates a need for it
- When different types of equipment are introduced
- The workplace condition changes
An evaluation of each powered industrial truck operator’s performance must be conducted:
- After initial training,
- After refresher training, and
- At least once every three years
Bonus: What dishonest trainers don’t want you to know about 3 year re-certification >> GO!
Also learn more about forklift license renewals
6. Duplicate Forklift Training
If a forklift operator has been trained in a specific operating topic that is relevant to the workplace and type of equipment, and they have successfully proven their understanding of the topic, then further training is not required.
For 12 years our online forklift certification organization CertifyMe.net has offered free 3-year renewals for this reason.
It is also the reason we offer a forklift training kit for in-house training with all the curriculum’s, forklift certificates, and operator cards on a reusable and customizable template.
We even put the entire kit contents on a flash drive for your convenience.
More OSHA Forklift Training Requirements
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) estimates that forklift accidents claim 85 lives in the United States each year. In addition, OSHA reports that, each year, forklifts account for approximately 100,000 industrial injuries, of which one-third are serious. To put these figures into perspective, more than one in ten forklifts in the United States each year will become involved in an accident.
Studies show that a large proportion of accidents may be prevented by proper training. With this in mind, in 1999, OSHA published a set of regulations specifying how OSHA forklift training should be carried out.
The Basics of OSHA Forklift Training
According to OSHA requirements, it is the responsibility of the employer to make sure that any employee, temporary or permanent, who operates a forklift as part of their job, receives OSHA forklift training. According to OSHA forklift training requirements, training should consist of:
• Formal instruction in OSHA forklift certification requirements. The employer can create their own forklift training and be compliant with OSHA requirements by providing workers with informational charts, diagrams, slides, video tapes, films, audio tapes, and even just a teacher speaking to a class.
• Practical training consisting of demos by the instructor and exercises practiced by the student. In addition to being compliant with OSHA forklift certification requirements, training needs to be specific to the workplace and to the type of equipment that they will be expected to use in the workplace.
• Evaluation of the trainee’s performance in the workplace.
The Content of OSHA Forklift Training
OSHA requirements specify two categories of information that are necessary for employees to receive OSHA forklift certification. These are:
• OSHA forklift training requirements concerning the type of equipment to be used – Topics to be covered include the differences between a powered industrial truck and an automobile; the capacity and stability of the vehicle, how to refuel the vehicle or charge and recharge batteries, depending on how the forklift is powered; operating the engine or motor and maneuvering the vehicle around the workplace; maintenance and inspection responsibilities of the operator, location and operation of instrumentation and controls; operation and limitation of the fork and/or any attachments used and any other operating precautions or instructions contained in the operator’s manual specific to the forklift truck or trucks being used.
• OSHA forklift training concerning the working environment – OSHA requirements concerning the workplace environment include topics like the characteristics of the floor or ground that the vehicle will be used on; the composition and stability of the types of loads that will be transported; manipulation, stacking and unstacking of loads; the nature of expected pedestrian traffic; the layout and width of aisles; conditions of ramps and any other sloped surfaces that will affect the safe operation of the vehicle; any other unique or hazardous features of the working environment.
Forklift training OSHA style involves taking into account operation in environments where ventilation may be restricted or inadequate vehicle maintenance may lead to the build-up of toxic gases like diesel exhaust or carbon monoxide.
Other Forklift Training OSHA Requirements
The forklift training program should be designed around the general principles of:
• Safe operation of the trucks being used in the workplace
• Workplace hazards related to the use of the vehicle
• General requirements of the OSHA standard
OSHA forklift certification made easy
If all this sounds complicated, rest assured that FLC created our affordable forklift training kit and train the trainer online program with these points in mind. You won’t have to worry about missing an OSHA update or regulation; we’ve designed our programs to always be up-to-date on all OSHA forklift training requirements. We’ve done the hard work so you don’t have to.
Contact us today for more information on how we can make your OSHA forklift certification our problem, not yours.
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Avoid Injuries with OSHA Forklift Training and These 7 Preventative Steps
Aside from making sure your employees receive OSHA-approved forklift training, you can help prevent injuries and fatalities on your worksite by requiring your employees receive up-to-date equipment training, and to take the time to complete a few daily maintenance checks on the forklifts. Prevention is the best way to improve safety, increase employee productivity, and lower costs. Read more here to learn the different maintenance checks you can complete yourself, and the type of forklift certification you should look into for your workers.