The Safest Way to Stack Containers
Cargo and shipping containers are used to transport various materials across land and sea, and even build budget-friendly homes. No matter how they are being used, the key to using shipping containers is to stack them safely and properly. If it’s your job to stack containers, it is your responsibility to know how to stack them safely and properly to minimize accidents.
Before Stacking the Containers:
Inspect the Quality of the Containers
Before you begin stacking the containers, inspect every area of the container to ensure they are structurally sound and there are no visible cracks or dents. Check the sides, sub-flooring, and corners posts to make sure they are not damaged or worn.
Stack According to the Corner Posts
Containers should be stacked corner post to corner post to be the most secure. The four corner posts of a container should match up with the corner posts of the container above and below it. If you are stacking containers of different sizes, the larger container should be stacked on top of the smaller containers to provide stability with the four corner posts. If the order was reversed, the top smaller containers are at risk of falling through.
Lock Containers Together to Prevent Sliding
Containers are lashed together with lashing rods when they are placed on a truck or ship to prevent them from sliding around. You can add twist-locks to the containers to add more stability and further prevent any accidents from occurring.
Stacking the Containers:
Use Forklifts Operated and Inspected by Trained Workers
As such an essential tool for picking up, lifting, and setting down containers, forklifts should only be operated by trained and certified operators to prevent accidents and perform inspections. Trained forklift operators inspect the forklift forks, the forklift pockets on the bottom of the containers, and the environment to make sure there are no hazards that can cause unsafe situations.
Know the Correct On-Board Storage and Stacking for the Vessel
There are two types of storage and stacking methods; fore and aft, and athwartship. Fore and aft is lengthwise stowage, and athwartship is horizontal stowage. Containers traveling by sea can be stored either way, and careful consideration is needed to decide which positioning is best to handle the stresses of transport. For sea travel, fore and aft is most often used to provide protection against the wind, crashing waves, turbulence, and accelerated force.
Secure the Containers Against Slipping and Toppling
Weather conditions and other factors can only be predicted to an extent when traveling with containers, and all containers must be secured adequately to prevent slipping and sliding. Cell guides with vertical guide rails can help keep containers in place and ease the pressure of top stacked containers. Lashing rods and twist-locks are also used to secure the containers to the vessel and the container underneath to prevent slippage.
There are many factors that determine the safest way to stack a container on a ship, truck, or train. The first thing to do to ensure workers can make the correct decisions to minimize the risk of accidents and damage is to make sure they are trained and certified to handle containers and operate forklifts.